The Rottweiler is powerful, active and
a natural guard. It enjoys working and if given plenty of exercise and
controlled by an experienced handler it can make a good companion.
Description & History
The Rottweiler comes from Rottweil, near
Wuerttemberg, in southern Germany. The breed was created from local
shepherd's dogs and from a Mastiff-like strain introduced years before
by the Roman Legions. As hundreds of years ago travel was extremely
dangerous, prosperous butchers and cattle dealers took Rottweilers with
them when they rode around the country to purchase cattle. The Rottweilers
had a dual purpose: firstly to carry money pouches attached to their
collars and, secondly, to drive and guard the cattle on the return journey.
With the advancement of rail transport, the Rottweiler was no longer
needed for these purposes and by the end of the century the breed was
on the decline. G
erman enthusiasts decided to rescue it
because they considered its many attributes were worth saving. The German
police were the first organisation to use the breed as guard dogs and
the German military used them successfully in the First World War. Since
then they have been used by other countries for patrolling and guard
The Rottweiler first came to Great Britain
in 1936, but was not properly established until after the Second World
War. It was recognised by the British Kennel Club in 1966.
Rottweilers in Great Britain are guard
and companion dogs. However, in a number of other countries the breed
is still used as a working dog, mostly by police forces and the military.
In Scandinavian countries the Rottweiler
is used for pulling sleds and is engaged in mountain rescue.